Correlation of colon cancer and nutrition + diet for prevention and treatment of colon cancer


Diet plays an important role in colon cancer. Over the past few decades, findings from extensive epidemiological and experimental research have linked the consumption of several foods and nutrients to the risk of colon cancer. For this reason, colon cancer and nutrition are closely related. Calcium, fiber, milk, and whole grains are associated with a lower risk of colon cancer, and red meat and processed meat are associated with an increased risk. There is substantial evidence for the potential colon cancer prevention effects of vitamin D, folate, fruits, and vegetables. Diet likely affects colon cancer through several interacting mechanisms, including direct effects on immune responsiveness and inflammation and indirect effects of overnutrition and obesity. Therefore, modifying the diet promises to reduce the incidence of colon cancer. In this article, we are going to comprehensively examine proper nutrition for the prevention and treatment of intestinal inflammation, especially the large intestine. Table of contents (click) What is the importance of nutrition in colon cancer? Nutrition is important for all cancer patients, but it is even more important for colon and gastrointestinal cancer patients because one of the factors that cause this cancer is lack of healthy nutrition. Also, the type of nutrition of these patients is different from other cancer patients: the main function of the colon is to absorb electrolytes and fluids, but colon cancer and its treatment may prevent the absorption of nutrients. Treatment of patients with colon cancer may include surgical removal of part of the colon, which presents patients with different needs than patients with other types of cancer. Side effects of chemotherapy may include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea, or constipation, all of which present nutritional challenges during treatment. While many cancer patients are at risk of malnutrition and dehydration, people with gastrointestinal cancers (including colorectal cancer) are more likely to experience some degree of malnutrition, which may affect the patient’s ability to Completion of treatment affects. Getting the right nutrition during treatment helps patients maintain healthy weight, muscle mass, and energy levels, all of which contribute to the ability to tolerate cancer treatment and prepare for survival. Colon cancer patients should stay hydrated and eat healthy foods that are rich in protein, vitamins, antioxidants, and electrolytes to help them achieve adequate caloric needs. One of the causes of colon cancer is lack of healthy nutrition. Foods that are bad for colon cancer Foods that are bad for people with colon cancer: Simple carbohydrates Limit or avoid simple carbohydrates found in foods such as refined flour, table sugar, and syrup. While there is no conclusive evidence that sugar causes cancer, we generally recommend that you limit your intake of sugary foods and drinks. Excess sugar may lead to unhealthy weight gain and high blood sugar levels. Foods containing added sugar also have low nutritional value. Processed foods that cause inflammation in the body can increase the risk of colon cancer. People whose diets contained high levels of inflammatory foods were 37 percent more likely to develop colon cancer and 70 percent more likely to develop rectal cancer, compared to other people. Processed foods are energy dense, meaning they provide your body with a lot of calories with little nutritional value. Processed foods include: Refined starches such as packaged cookies and crackers. Added and artificial sugar, such as sugar in sodas and sweetened beverages. Saturated fats, including processed meats such as hot dogs; Milk and cheese and fried foods Trans fats including margarine and sweetened coffee with milk How to treat colon cancer with nutrition The American Cancer Society recommends a variety of foods and nutrients during treatment, including healthy sources of protein, carbohydrates, fats , vitamins and minerals, to help your body respond to the challenges of cancer treatment. The following guidelines are general recommendations. Your unique condition, risk factors, treatment method, and side effects you experience will determine your specific nutritional needs: Maintaining a Healthy Weight During Colon Cancer Treatment Maintaining a Healthy Weight Through Proper Nutrition During Cancer Treatment For many patients It’s a challenge, but the benefits are huge. It may boost your immune system and help give you the energy you need to stay active. Even weight loss may increase the risk of treatment-related side effects, and severe weight loss during treatment may lead to hospitalization or the need to stop or delay treatment. On the other hand, obesity may have a negative effect on treatment and increase the risk of death in some cancer patients. Also, obese patients are at a higher risk of colon cancer recurrence compared to patients who have a healthy weight. These corona conditions have made us all stay at home and it is a good opportunity to make a big change and surprise everyone for a party and a wedding after corona. It is enough to decide right now that you want to lose weight and get the body you always wanted. ! From this moment, we are with you to reach your goal together. Register and receive diet advice, purchase diet, nutrients that you should include in your colon cancer diet, most patients with colon cancer undergo surgery, followed by 4 to 6 months of chemotherapy. it’ll be done. People with stage 4 colon cancer may be treated with chemotherapy alone, and those with rectal cancer may have chemotherapy and radiation followed by surgery. Each of these types of treatment may present different nutritional challenges. Side effects such as nausea, diarrhea or loss of appetite are common during certain stages of treatment and may require dietary modification. Next, we will examine the nutrients in the colon cancer diet: Those with colon cancer may undergo chemotherapy and radiation therapy, followed by surgery. Electrolytes Electrolytes, such as potassium, magnesium, sodium, and calcium, are essential minerals that help your body maintain proper fluid balance. Good sources of electrolytes are green leafy vegetables such as lettuce and kale. Also, fruits such as watermelon, banana and avocado; And potatoes, beans, almonds and peanuts are a rich source of these essential substances for the body. It is important for colon cancer patients to monitor their intake because colon cancer and its treatment may interfere with electrolyte absorption. Fluid loss from diarrhea, vomiting, or sweating may also contribute to electrolyte imbalances. Proteins help the body’s immune system fight infection and help repair body tissues after surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy. The exact amount required varies from patient to patient. The source of protein is as important as the amount. Avoid red meat and processed meats such as hot dogs. Choose lean proteins such as eggs, fish, and chicken instead. Good plant sources of protein are lentils, nuts and legumes. Fiber is the fibrous and indigestible part of plant foods that helps food pass through the intestines. Whole wheat flour, brown rice, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and legumes such as lentils and black beans are all good sources of dietary fiber. Fiber-rich foods help food pass through the intestines and are useful for preventing colon cancer. Carbohydrates provide much-needed energy for the body and brain. They are also good sources of fiber, vitamins and minerals. Misconceptions about some popular low-carb diets have led some people to equate all carbs with unhealthy sugars. While sugars are a form of carbohydrate, not all sources of sugar (and carbohydrates) are created equal. You should look for complex carbohydrates found in whole foods such as beans, oatmeal, whole grain bread, and oats. Some carbohydrates, like beets and sweet potatoes, have the added benefit of being a good source of antioxidants. Complex carbohydrates help the body maintain muscle mass and regulate blood sugar, and are healthy sources of fiber and nutrients. Healthy fats energize the body, reduce inflammation, and may help the brain and nervous system function properly. Healthy fats are found in foods such as fish, seeds, nuts, avocados, and olive oil. We recommend these sources instead of red meat, fast food, and dairy products like cheese and butter. We generally recommend that no more than 25% of your calories come from healthy fats. Vitamins are also an important part of the colon cancer journey. Low levels of vitamin D have been associated with poor outcomes in some cases and may negatively affect survival. When patients are deficient, we recommend supplements. Other important vitamins include B complex, vitamin A, and vitamin C, each of which plays an important role in the body’s ability to heal and tolerate colorectal cancer treatment. Adequate hydration during and after treatment is very important. Dehydration can cause a range of problems from headaches, constipation and fatigue to low blood pressure and even life-threatening shock. Staying hydrated may also reduce treatment-related side effects. For a generally healthy cancer patient, we typically recommend eight glasses of water or low-sugar electrolyte drinks per day. If you’re losing fluids on a hot day because of your colostomy, diarrhea, or even sweating outside, you’ll need to drink more fluids to compensate. An easy way to make sure you’re well-hydrated is to pay attention to your urine output: for example, if you’re urinating less than usual, or if your urine has a strong color or smell, you’re probably not urinating as much as normal. Sufficient fluids Other signs of dehydration include fatigue, dizziness and constipation. Diet before and after colon cancer surgery Studies have shown that patients who were well-nourished before surgery had better outcomes, including reduced hospitalization and fewer complications than those who were malnourished. In severely malnourished patients who cannot receive adequate nutrients orally, intravenous nutrition several weeks before surgery may improve outcomes. About a week before surgery, patients should drink a drink containing omega-3 fatty acids and micronutrients to reduce the risk of complications. Immediately before surgery, patients drink a carbohydrate drink to help stabilize their blood sugar levels during the procedure. Patients are usually started on clear liquids within 24 hours of surgery and then transition to solid foods within two to three days. Avoiding pain medication after surgery is another key step in reducing hospital stay and returning to normal gastrointestinal function. Eating foods containing omega-3 before surgery is beneficial for colon cancer. Diet during chemotherapy for colon cancer Several common side effects of chemotherapy may affect your ability to eat and digest food. These may include: nausea and vomiting loss of appetite changes in taste and smell diarrhea and constipation mucositis and mouth ulcers Some chemotherapy drugs used to treat colon cancer cause severe diarrhea in some patients. be. We generally advise patients taking these types of medications to avoid high-fiber foods such as green vegetables, raw fruits, raw vegetables, and whole grains. These patients may do better on a diet that includes pasta, white rice, and healthy sources of protein and low-fiber foods. Patients with loss of taste or nausea may need a high-calorie diet of bland foods such as eggs, fish, turkey, and chicken. Hydration is also important, especially if you’re losing fluids due to diarrhea and vomiting, so be sure to drink plenty of fluids as mentioned above or as recommended by your doctor. If you experience any of these side effects, talk to your care team about your concerns. Anti-nausea and anti-diarrhea medications may be helpful. Diet during radiation therapy for colon cancer Radiation therapy is used in patients with rectal cancer. This treatment tends to cause its own unique side effects, which may include rectal irritation and diarrhea. We generally recommend that these patients follow a low-fiber diet to reduce irritation. Patients who do not experience side effects can usually follow a regular diet immediately after treatment. What we learned from the article Colon cancer and nutrition: Colon cancer and nutrition are directly related. Both in causing this disease and in its progression or treatment. The most important point in diseases such as colon cancer is inflammation. Chronic inflammation caused by poor diet or extreme stress. Studies have linked cancer-related inflammation to foods such as processed meats, refined flour, and sugary foods and drinks. On the other hand, researchers found that green leafy vegetables, fruits and healthy fats have an anti-inflammatory effect and are very useful and effective for the diet of cancer patients. Sources: +++ user rating, don’t miss this content…

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