Diabetes in children is not a simple disease that can be easily ignored. This silent disease starts without symptoms in the body and you will notice it suddenly. Excessive tiredness of the child to the point where he does not have the energy to play, bedwetting and frequent urination are among the common problems and symptoms of diabetes in children, and if you see them, you should immediately consult a doctor. Stay with us to learn more about this disease, its causes and complications. Our suggestion is that you get help from an endocrinologist and a pediatrician at your doctor to get diabetes advice online or by phone or in person. How is diabetes in children? According to “msdmanuals”, when the amount of blood glucose in children’s body is higher than normal, there is a chance of developing diabetes in the child. Diabetes is divided into two types 1 and 2 and is one of the most common endocrine diseases in humans. Type 1 diabetes or type 1 diabetes is mostly the result of genetic disorders and is more common in children. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can no longer produce the hormone insulin. When there is no insulin, glucose does not enter the cells and accumulates in the blood instead. The result of this incident is diabetes in children. Type 2 diabetes is a type of diabetes that is also called adult diabetes. Today’s lifestyle, obesity, inactivity are among the things that have sounded the alarm, and unfortunately type 2 diabetes has entered the age group of children and teenagers. The rate of type 2 diabetes is higher than type 1. What should be the normal blood sugar level in children? Normal blood sugar levels in infants and children under 5 years old should be between 100 and 180 mg. This range is between 80 and 140 for children aged 6 to 9 years. Normal blood sugar levels in children over 10 years old should be between 70 and 120. Diabetes in children is usually type 1 and the result of genetic disorders. Causes of diabetes in children, the majority of cases of diabetes in children are type 1 diabetes. Diabetes is a type of genetic and autoimmune disease in which genes causing the disease are passed from parents to children. In type 1 diabetes in children, the immune system attacks the cells of the pancreas and destroys them. With the destruction of cells responsible for insulin production, the body can no longer produce insulin hormone. Glucose from food accumulates in the blood and blood sugar rises. Among the other reasons for contracting this disease, we can mention infection, the symptoms of which appear a few weeks after contracting the disease. Unhealthy diet and lifestyle habits, lack of exercise and inactivity are the causes of type 2 diabetes in children and adults. Genetics is one of the causes of this disease. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented and controlled by changing life habits and choosing a healthy lifestyle. This type of disease may be asymptomatic for a long time. Diabetes in children is usually type 1 and is caused genetically. In type 1 diabetes in children, the immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys the cells that produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes in children and its symptoms, quoted by “nortonchildrens”, Type 1 diabetes in children means that the body does not have enough insulin to use glucose for metabolism. Among the common signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children, the following can be mentioned: severe weakness and fatigue, dehydration and severe thirst, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, frequent urination, blurred vision, non-healing of wounds, mood swings and rapid mood changes, menstrual changes, weight loss despite overeating, heart palpitations, low body temperature, low blood pressure, nocturnal urination, presence of sticky secretions in urine in 2-3 year old children. Extreme thirst is one of the symptoms of diabetes in children. Type 2 diabetes in children and its symptoms Type 2 diabetes usually progresses gradually and has silent symptoms that are not easily recognized. To the extent that the symptoms of type 2 diabetes may not be seen in children for a long time. Among the common symptoms of type 2 diabetes in children, the following can be mentioned: Weakness and fatigue, excessive urination, increased hunger, severe thirst, delayed healing of sores, dark skin in the armpits, neck, and children’s diabetes symptoms. Weakness and extreme fatigue, hunger and thirst, and in spite of that, the child’s weight loss, slow healing of wounds and frequent urination are common symptoms of diabetes in children. Symptoms of diabetes in children. Above, we examined the symptoms of diabetes in children. In the following, we will review some other symptoms of this disease in children. Symptoms of diabetes in children under 5 years of age. Among the symptoms of this disease under 5 years of age, especially children under 2 years and under 3 years of age, sticky secretions in the urine can be mentioned. In addition, sometimes in children under 5 years of age, we see that the child does not wake up due to a severe drop in blood sugar. If this happens, fruit juice or a sweet drink with a little sugar should be given to the child immediately. What are the skin symptoms of diabetes in children? Type 2 diabetes can cause skin disorders in children and adults. Darkness of the skin color in the armpit and neck areas is one of the skin symptoms of this disease. When is bedwetting in children a sign of diabetes in children? If nocturnal enuresis in children is accompanied by frequent urination, feeling tired and lack of energy in children and extreme thirst, this type of nocturnal enuresis can be considered as a sign of diabetes in children. Symptoms of this disease usually appear late. Therefore, if you see symptoms such as nocturia with frequent urination and excessive thirst, see a doctor immediately. Bedwetting along with extreme thirst and hunger of the child and weakness and fatigue can be a sign of diabetes in the child. What are the complications of diabetes in children? Failure to control this disease will result in the following short-term and long-term complications: Short-term complications of diabetes in children If you get this disease, you will probably see the following complications: heart palpitations, blood sugar drop, sweating, paleness, anxiety, numbness of the lips and fingertips, drowsiness, dizziness, and They talked about weakness, headache, weight loss, abdominal pain, damage to the cardiovascular system, the occurrence of eye diseases, damage to the kidneys and other important organs of the body, such as the liver, and high blood sugar levels lead to nerve damage (neuropathy). Dry skin, oral and dental diseases. Long-term complications of diabetes In order to avoid long-term complications of diabetes, you must control your blood sugar levels regularly. Among the long-term complications of diabetes, we can mention damage to small and large blood vessels, which is caused by the lack of blood sugar control in the long term. Microvascular (destruction of small blood vessels) and macrovascular (destruction of large blood vessels) are long-term complications of diabetes. Tests to diagnose diabetes in children To diagnose this disease, a specialist doctor prescribes a variety of blood sugar tests, such as a urine glucose test, a glucose tolerance test (A1C), and a blood sugar test for type 2 diabetes. Since the symptoms of type 2 diabetes appear later, it may take several months to diagnose this type of diabetes in children. In general, the following tests are prescribed by a pediatric endocrinologist to diagnose diabetes in children: A1C test, fasting blood sugar test (fbs), glucose tolerance test (OGTT), two-hour blood sugar test, random blood sugar test, definitive treatment of diabetes in children, whether this disease affects children or adults. There is no definitive treatment, but fortunately, it can be controlled and the affected person can live a normal life. All the patient has to do is to choose a healthy lifestyle. In type 1 diabetes, the child must receive injectable insulin. There is no oral insulin, because it destroys the baby’s gastric juice. There is also inhaled insulin that should be taken with food after the lung test. However, the best method for long-term insulin effect is the subcutaneous injection of insulin. Our suggestion is that you get help from an endocrinologist or a pediatrician or pharmacists at your doctor to get medical advice for diabetes online or face-to-face examination. Whether this disease affects children or adults, there is no definitive cure, but fortunately, it can be controlled. The right diet for children’s diabetes, the right food at the right time plays a very important role in controlling this disease. Along with activity and insulin injection, diet plays the first role in the control and treatment of type 1 diabetes in children. In the meantime, carbohydrates are the most important component to maintain a balanced diet in diabetics, especially for those with type 1 diabetes to convert into glucose. Carbohydrates are two types of sugar carbohydrates and starch carbohydrates, which starches are found in potatoes, pasta, bread and beans. Carbohydrates and sugar in sweet foods. The amount of carbohydrates needed by each person varies depending on their activity level, age and weight. In a suitable diet for this disease, one third of the food and drinks consumed should be starchy carbohydrates. Three meals a day should include the following: non-starchy foods such as carrots, vegetables, peppers, tomatoes, and Brussels sprouts. Corn, barley, quinoa, wheat, bread, pasta. Consuming protein in the diet of diabetics Consuming sufficient amount of protein in the diet of a child with diabetes is very important. Some good sources of protein for these children are: skinless chicken or turkey, lean fish, eggs, nuts and peanuts, fat-free dairy products, yogurt, and cheese. Useful fats for diabetics Some of the healthy fats that diabetics can use are: nuts and seeds, canola and olive oil, wild fish, tuna, avocado. Prevention of diabetes in children To prevent this disease, you can take the following measures: encouraging the child to have healthy eating habits, creating a balance in eating, reducing the consumption of sugar and refined carbohydrates, controlling weight, exercising and exercising regularly. Time to watch TV and play computer games, healthy eating and developing healthy eating habits in children for healthy weight gain. Your frequently asked questions In this section, we answer your questions about childhood diabetes. If you have a question that you did not find an answer to in this article, please comment your question at the end of this article so that our experts will answer it as soon as possible. Is childhood diabetes dangerous? The prevalence rate of this disease in the world is increasing and the risk of contracting various diseases in diabetic children has increased. Over time, diabetes in children can damage the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves and cause problems and chronic diseases and even premature death in children. These children should have regular check-ups for diabetics to prevent diabetes complications as much as possible. Is diabetes in children hereditary? Yes, type 1 diabetes in children is hereditary, which is passed from parent to child through genetics. The genetic factor is also considered as a risk factor in a child’s developing type 2 diabetes. Has children’s diabetes increased after Corona? The results of investigations during the Corona period on children and adolescents under 18 years of age who were infected with Corona show that the risk of developing type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes in children has increased several times after recovery from Covid-19, although it is not yet clear that this The risk is temporary and will gradually improve or not. Is type 2 diabetes seen in children? The mechanization of human life in the contemporary era and the tension and pressures of modernity have changed the style and habits of human life. Healthy eating has given way to the consumption of fast foods and ready-made processed foods; Remote working in recent years due to the covid-19 pandemic has also caused an increase in immobility in the society. All these changes have made the age of developing type 2 diabetes, which is called adult diabetes, lower, and we can see the occurrence of this disease in children and teenagers. At what age does diabetes start in children? Diabetes is a disease that has no age limit. Type 1 diabetes can be inherited with a child. Type 2 of this disease may occur at any age depending on the risk factors. Type 2 diabetes in children usually starts in adolescence at the same time as puberty hormones are released. Who are susceptible to childhood diabetes? Children who are overweight and obese, are inactive or have no activity at all, and people who have a first-degree family member with the disease are susceptible to the disease. Can this disease be treated with traditional medicine? Diabetes does not have a definitive cure, and the progress of the disease can be controlled only with the help of treatment methods in traditional medicine and medicine. If you are looking for traditional medicine solutions, be sure to consult a pediatric endocrinologist before taking any medicine. Should children with diabetes take insulin? Yes, children with type 1 diabetes must take insulin to prevent the accumulation of glucose in the blood. Which doctor should I see to diagnose and treat children’s prediabetes? A pediatric endocrinologist is a specialist you should consult for the diagnosis and treatment of pre-diabetes in children. A pediatric endocrinologist will order various tests to diagnose the disease by conducting an initial examination, reviewing the child’s medical and family history, and observing the symptoms. It is better to choose a doctor specializing in gonads to treat a diabetic child, because failure to properly treat the disease can lead to serious complications for the child. Conclusion and guide to see a doctor The prevalence of diabetes in children in the past was much lower than today. The main reason for the increase in the incidence of diabetes in children is lack of movement and intake of calories in excess of the body’s needs, which is caused by unhealthy lifestyle habits. Despite all the advances in medical science, there is still no definitive cure for this disease. The only solution is to control the disease to prevent serious complications of diabetes. In addition, by choosing a healthy lifestyle and avoiding prepared and processed foods, removing sugar and artificial sugars from the diet, and regular exercise, diabetes can be prevented to a large extent in children and adults. We suggest that you get help from your endocrinologist and pediatrician to receive diabetes counseling online or face-to-face examination. Your doctor takes care of your health!
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