How is the 21st week of pregnancy? Maternal symptoms, fetal status and nutrition


At 21 weeks of pregnancy, you have entered the second half of your pregnancy. In this week, you will feel the movements of the fetus more and others may also notice the movements by touching your belly. If you are in the 21st week of pregnancy or will enter this stage in a few days, stay with us in this article. In the following, we will explain what the 21st week of pregnancy is like. Which symptoms appear and which symptoms disappear? When should you see a doctor? What is the condition of the fetus this week and how much does it grow? What changes has your body undergone and how big is your belly? Which tests are done this week? For whom are these tests necessary? What tips can help the health of the fetus? What should be the form of nutrition and how should you sleep from this week? If you have recently become pregnant or have suspicious symptoms during pregnancy, you should visit a gynecologist or obstetrician for examinations and tests. You can communicate with these specialists in person, over the phone or online through your doctor’s website. How is the 21st week of pregnancy? At 21 weeks of pregnancy, you have reached the second half of your pregnancy. Until this week, the placenta was heavier than the fetus. But from this week, the fetus will weigh more than the placenta. The placenta continues to grow during pregnancy. But the growth of the fetus is faster. According to the pregnancy calendar, the fetus will have more control over its movements this week. Your belly is getting bigger every day and you may notice stretch marks and redness on the skin of your belly this week. You are now five months pregnant and you can feel the kicks and punches of the fetus. The fetal heart rate has increased so much that you can hear it with a stethoscope. Symptoms of 21 weeks of pregnancy Some symptoms are common in the second trimester of pregnancy. You may experience the following symptoms this week: back pain, forgetfulness or confusion, heartburn, muscle cramps, leg cramps, nose pain, round ligament pain, skin changes, ankle swelling: 80% of pregnant women experience swelling or edema in the legs. Usually, swelling increases in hot weather, at the end of the day or after standing for a long time. Varicose veins: During pregnancy, due to the enlargement of the uterus, hormonal changes and excess fluids in the body, varicose veins are common. Varicose veins usually cause leg pain and cramps. Hemorrhoids: swelling of the veins in the anus causes hemorrhoids in pregnancy. 80% of pregnant women experience swelling or edema in their legs. Usually, swelling increases in hot weather, at the end of the day or after standing for a long time. In the 21st week of pregnancy, the belly bulge increases. Miscarriage symptoms in the 21st week of pregnancy. The probability of miscarriage in the 21st week of pregnancy is very low, but you should be careful about its symptoms. Be sure to see a doctor if the following symptoms occur: You used to feel the movements of the fetus; But you don’t feel it this week. You have mild to heavy vaginal bleeding. You have cramping and abdominal or back pain. Fluid or tissue comes out of your vagina. In which case should we go to the doctor? If the symptoms during pregnancy have become severe, you should see a doctor to control these symptoms. For example, if the swelling and cramping of the leg muscles is severe, or if you are constantly experiencing shortness of breath due to a large stomach, see a doctor. Also, if you see any suspicious symptoms related to abortion, you should immediately inform the doctor. Which doctor should we visit to check the symptoms in the 21st week of pregnancy? To check severe or dangerous symptoms, you should see a gynecologist or obstetrician. You can connect with the best doctors through your doctor’s website. In addition to the face-to-face appointment system, Doktorto also offers online and telephone consultations. The condition of the fetus in the 21st week of pregnancy. The fetus in the 21st week of pregnancy is a little more than 18 cm. If we want to measure from the head to the sole of the foot, it will be about 25 cm. In this week, the following changes are made: The digestive system of the fetus is developing to perform digestion after birth. Currently, the nutrients needed by the fetus are supplied by the placenta. The production of enzymes begins in the pancreas; These enzymes help to digest and break down food. The small intestine is growing. Amniotic fluid contains nutrients, and after the fetus swallows the fluid, these nutrients are absorbed by the small intestine. Until the 21st week of pregnancy, the liver makes red blood cells. From this week, the bone marrow is making red blood cells. By the 24th week of pregnancy, the bone marrow becomes the main source of red blood cell production. The fetal eyelids are formed and closed in the 11th week of pregnancy; They will be separated this week. The taste buds of the fetus are activated. In the 21st week of pregnancy, the production of enzymes in the pancreas begins. These enzymes help to digest and break down food. The digestive system of the fetus is completed in the 21st week of pregnancy and the movements of the fetus increase. What does the fetus look like in the 21st week of pregnancy? The fetus in the 21st week of pregnancy is almost as big as a carrot. It is about 18 cm tall and weighs 390 grams. At this stage of pregnancy, the fetus sucks its thumb and you may be able to see it in the ultrasound. The skin of the fetus is wrinkled and transparent. Blood vessels are visible and that is why the color of the skin is red. Changes in the body in the 21st week of pregnancy, every week your belly bulges more and the signs related to the growth of the uterus are more visible. You may feel out of balance. Enlargement of the abdomen changes the center of gravity of the body. Because of this, you may feel unsteady on your feet. When walking, you should slow down so as not to hit the fetus. You will gain about 0.5 kg of weight every week. The doctor measures your weight at each visit. If you gain more or less weight than normal, it can be dangerous for you and your baby. Starting this week, you may notice stretch marks on your stomach, thighs, hips, and breasts. About half of pregnant women suffer from stretch marks. After childbirth, this condition disappears. With the increase in the movements of the fetus, others can also notice the kicking of the fetus. Tests at 21 weeks of pregnancy are usually not prescribed at 21 weeks of pregnancy. But if you have not done the tests of the second trimester of pregnancy in the previous weeks, you should see a doctor. The gynecologist will perform the following actions this week: Weight and blood pressure should be measured. A urine sample is taken. Urinalysis can detect things like gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and urinary tract infections. The degree of swelling of the leg and other parts of the body should be checked. Second trimester ultrasound is performed. Ultrasound in the 21st week of pregnancy If you have not done an ultrasound in the previous week, you should prepare for the second trimester ultrasound or anatomy scan in the 21st week of pregnancy. In this ultrasound, the details of the body and all the organs of the fetus are determined. If you have not yet found out the gender of the fetus, the gender will be determined this week. In ultrasound, the heart, brain, spine and all organs of the fetus should be examined. The doctor calculates the size of the fetus to ensure the normal development of the fetus. In the ultrasound of the 21st week of pregnancy, the body parts of the fetus are carefully examined. Self-care in the 21st week of pregnancy You must take care of your health both physically and mentally during pregnancy. Some symptoms such as swelling and varicose veins may occur this week. To take care of yourself and the fetus and reduce the symptoms of pregnancy, you should follow the following tips: Have a healthy diet and eat well. Exercise every day. Walking or yoga can be a good option. Drinking fluids reduces body swelling; Consume more healthy drinks. Wear long cotton socks to reduce ankle swelling. You should not stand for a long time. Walk or bathe in water to reduce leg swelling. If your feet are swollen, you should change your shoe size. Raise your legs as much as possible while resting. Do not cross your legs to reduce the risk of varicose veins. sleep on your side Wear comfortable and loose clothes. Drink plenty of fluids to prevent constipation. According to verywellfamily, swelling of legs, especially ankles, is usually normal during pregnancy. Other types of swelling can be a sign of a problem. If you suddenly swell, especially this swelling is accompanied by rapid weight gain, be sure to see a doctor. Also, if you notice swelling in your hands or face, call your doctor. Swelling of the legs, especially the ankles, is usually normal during pregnancy. Other types of swelling can be a sign of a problem. Nutrition in the 21st week of pregnancy You should include a variety of nutrients in your diet during pregnancy. Choline is one of the essential nutrients in pregnancy. Your body produces choline, but you need more choline during pregnancy. You can get this nutrient from chicken, meat, eggs, milk and peanuts. Your body also needs B vitamins. Foods such as liver, chicken, bananas and beans contain sufficient amounts of vitamins B1, B2 and B6. How to sleep in the 21st week of pregnancy, you should practice sleeping on your side from mid-pregnancy. You should no longer lie on your back in the 21st week of pregnancy. Because the uterus puts pressure on the spine and main veins. Uterine pressure may cause a drop in blood pressure and decrease blood supply to the heart. During pregnancy, you should lie on your side and place a pillow between your knees. From the 21st week of pregnancy, you should sleep on your side to reduce the pressure of the uterus. Dos and don’ts of 21 weeks of pregnancy, it is better to avoid laser hair removal during pregnancy. During this period, due to hormonal changes, your body hair may become more and thicker. It is possible that the laser will harm the fetus, so you should postpone it until after delivery. Do not try to lose weight during pregnancy. You should gain a reasonable amount of weight each week. Eat enough food. Include a variety of healthy foods in your schedule. It is likely that the sex of the fetus will be determined this week. It is a good time to look for a beautiful name for your child. During these weeks, you can also prepare sesame for your child. To get more information about the pregnancy process and care during this period, it is better to consult with a gynecologist or an obstetrician. You can communicate with the best doctors through your doctor’s website. In addition to scheduling an in-person appointment, you can also consult with a gynecologist over the phone. Preeclampsia in the 21st week of pregnancy Preeclampsia is one of the diseases during pregnancy. Its main symptom is high blood pressure, and in these people, the kidneys and liver do not function well. Usually, this complication occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy and necessary measures should be taken to control it. Preeclampsia can cause serious complications for the fetus and the mother. The development of twins in the 21st week of pregnancy. If you are pregnant with twins, your belly is probably prominent earlier and symptoms such as itchy skin and stretch marks have appeared earlier. You may have heartburn this week. You should make your meals smaller and eat them more often. If you do an ultrasound this week, you can see all the organs of both fetuses in the ultrasound. The doctor checks the heart rate of both fetuses and evaluates their growth rate. Fetal movements in the 21st week of pregnancy In the 21st week of pregnancy, the movements of the fetus increase and you feel it better. The fetus can kick and punch. As it was said, probably this week others will be able to understand the movements of the fetus by touching your belly. Frequently Asked Questions If you are in the 21st week of pregnancy, you have probably encountered questions about symptoms and care tips this week. For this reason, we have raised some of your frequently asked questions and provided their answers. How many months is the 21st week of pregnancy? You are now in your fifth month of pregnancy. You are halfway through your pregnancy and you will give birth in 4 months. What to eat in the 21st week of pregnancy? During pregnancy, you should increase your consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. It is better to eat chicken and meat. Be careful that gaining too much weight during pregnancy can harm the fetus and the mother; So don’t eat more than you need. How big is the mother’s belly in the 21st week of pregnancy? In the 21st week of pregnancy, the bulge of the belly increases and you will need loose clothes. The size of the belly varies from person to person. For this reason, a specific size cannot be determined for it. Is it normal for varicose veins to appear in the 21st week of pregnancy? Varicose veins are one of the common complications in pregnancy. Pressure on blood vessels during pregnancy can cause varicose veins, especially in the legs. This complication usually disappears after childbirth. Why did I have a urinary infection in the 21st week of pregnancy? As the uterus grows, the pressure on the bladder and urinary system increases. Uterine pressure may block the urinary tract. For this reason, the possibility of urinary infection increases. Conclusion and guide to see a doctor in the 21st week of pregnancy, fetal movements increase and you can feel these movements. Others may also be able to feel the fetus kicking by touching your belly. Fetal hair forms and the digestive system develops. Digestive enzymes are produced to help digest food. The fetus is about 18 cm this week. Your belly gets bigger in the 21st week of pregnancy and because of the big belly, your skin is stretched and stretch marks may appear. Your body may be swollen. Ankle swelling and varicose veins are common in pregnancy. Balance while walking becomes a bit difficult and you have to be careful. For more information about the pregnancy process and the symptoms of this period, you should contact a gynecologist or obstetrician. You can communicate with the best specialists through your doctor’s website. In addition to the face-to-face appointment system, Doktorto also offers online and telephone consultations. Your doctor takes care of your health!

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