What are the complications of breast prosthesis surgery?



Breast prosthesis or implant is a cosmetic surgery to increase the volume and shape of women’s breasts. In this method, by placing the prosthesis under the tissue or muscle of the breast, necessary changes are made in the state and shape of the breast. The attractive appearance of women’s bodies has caused many women to prioritize breast prosthesis surgery in order to increase their self-confidence. Of course, using these prostheses is the best option for people who have lost their breasts due to disease. It is only justified to perform this surgery when a person, in addition to knowing the benefits of this operation, has enough information about its possible complications. The method of performing breast implants or prostheses, the doctor selects the best prosthesis size after examining the appearance and health characteristics of the person. Choosing the size of the prosthesis and the type of brand depends on the skill and experience of the surgeon. Then the surgeon determines a suitable day for the prosthesis operation. Breast prosthesis is performed using general anesthesia and in a completely sterile environment. By making a fine cut under the breast, the implant is implanted. The prosthesis placement technique is different. After examining the condition of the applicant, the doctor chooses the tissue or under the muscle tissue to place the prosthesis. After completing these steps, the incision site is sewn using very fine stitches. Do breast implants have complications? You should know that every procedure that is performed invasively and using surgery is associated with a set of possible and potential complications. Of course, these complications may not occur in all applicants. But general side effects such as pain, numbness and confusion appear in most people after using anesthetic. These symptoms have different severity, because the immune system reaction of different people is different. Of course, natural side effects usually disappear a few days after the operation. Various factors such as the skill and experience of the surgeon and the use of advanced and sterile equipment play an important role in reducing the severity of complications. Correct adherence to care instructions is also important in reducing the severity of complications after breast implants. However, you may encounter some uncontrollable side effects. The only way to prevent the aggravation of these complications is to be aware of their causes and main symptoms. Signs of complications after breast implants, as we mentioned, some natural complications occur only because of the body’s natural reaction to surgery. If such side effects do not improve after a few days or increase in intensity, it indicates the occurrence of serious problems in breast prosthesis surgery. Warning factors are: redness of the area around the breast, abnormal and prolonged swelling, burning sensation. The main complications of breast implants usually occur in all cosmetic surgeries, the severity of which varies among applicants. Some people think that the prosthesis makes them prone to breast cancer. Studies have not provided any logical reason to prove the negative impact of breast implants on cancer. The main side effects that you may experience after breast implants are: Chronic pain in the breast area One of the main side effects of breast implants is chronic pain. In most cases, this pain is short and disappears a few days after the operation. But in some applicants, the pain is long and very serious. This condition may be caused by swelling or contraction of the capsules. If you see this condition, see a doctor very quickly. The cause of this complication should be investigated quickly and necessary measures should be taken for treatment. Infection after breast implant Most people who fail to follow health protocols and implement care instructions will be involved with this complication. Surgeons prescribe antibiotics to reduce the risk after surgery. Timely use of these drugs is effective in preventing breast infection and spreading it to surrounding tissues. Regular dressing changes and breast sterilization are also very important in reducing the possibility of infection. Bleeding In some applicants, breast implant surgery causes internal bleeding in the surrounding tissues. This may happen within a week or two after the operation. Hardness and swelling of the breast tissue can be an alarm for bleeding in this area. In case of internal bleeding after breast implant, the surgeon considers it necessary to re-operate. This operation is laparoscopic and besides draining the blood from the chest, it will stop the bleeding. In re-surgery, there is no need to remove the prosthesis. Bruising on the breast and its surrounding tissue is a natural side effect of re-surgery, which will completely recover in a short period of time. Capsular contraction After the implant is placed in the breast, the immune system creates a fibrous capsule around the prosthesis to complete the healing process. This is the natural reaction of the body to the entry of any object. Over time, the fibrous tissue shrinks and shrinks. This state of capsular contraction is called the intensity and extent of contraction in different applicants. Severe capsular contraction can cause the prosthesis to be stiff and compressed. In such a case, the person will face breast pain. This complication is almost unavoidable and most people who have breast implants will be involved with it. If this complication worsens, it will be necessary to perform surgery again. Seroma after breast implants Seroma is another main complication of breast implants. You may have heard the name of this complication. You should know that this phenomenon means the accumulation of liquid around the implant. The result is swelling, a lot of pain, swelling and deformation of the breast. Seeing such a situation, the doctor uses very small and special syringes to drain the collected fluid. In situations where the volume of fluid is very large, it is necessary to make an incision in the chest to drain the fluid. The best way to prevent seroma after breast implants is to place a drain in the surgical site. Drain tubes help to drain the accumulated fluids around the prosthesis. Breast asymmetry As we said in the introduction, the main purpose of breast prosthesis is to help create a better form and posture in the breasts. Breast asymmetry after surgery is another problem that depends on the inexperience of the surgeon. Of course, if a person is faced with asymmetry in breast volume before surgery, clumsy choice of prosthesis is effective in aggravating breast asymmetry. Treatment of this complication requires reconstructive surgery. But by choosing a surgeon who has enough information about a person’s body structure and is familiar with the concepts of aesthetics and details of breast surgery, you will take an effective step in reducing possible risks after the operation. Skin scars after invasive cosmetic surgeries are usually performed through superficial or deep incisions. Breast prosthesis is also included in the category of invasive surgeries. An incision in this area is required for the implant to enter the breast. So creating a scar due to wound healing will be one of the main side effects of this procedure. This complication occurs in almost all applicants, but its severity depends on various factors. Factors such as infection, seroma, pressure on the chest and infection cause the suture to stretch and increase the size of the scar. If the doctor does the stitches delicately and the person protects the breast by wearing natural breasts, the risk of scarring will be minimized. The skin scar caused by the breast prosthesis will remain for some time after the end of the recovery period. The use of restorative creams and lasers also have a positive effect in solving this problem. This complication usually occurs when the surgeon uses cheap and low-quality prostheses. The probability of this complication is higher in saline or salt water prostheses. The movement of fluids inside the prosthesis is the main cause of breast deformity after implanting a saline prosthesis. Of course, if the surgeon uses low-quality silicone prostheses to reduce the cost of the breast prosthesis operation, the probability of this complication will increase. Using cheap and low-quality brands changes the breast tissue, which can be seen immediately after the operation. Complications due to the inappropriate size of the prosthesis, the most important step before the breast prosthesis operation is choosing the right implants. Prostheses should fit the person’s body and maintain the symmetry of the breasts. Using large prostheses increases the possibility of neck, back and shoulder pain. The incompatibility of the breast with the body shape is another problem caused by the use of large implants for applicants. Surveys show that people who use large prostheses frequently suffer from breast sagging. Strategies to reduce side effects The benefits of breast implants in increasing the beauty of appearance and physical fitness are many. But the possibility of side effects makes people hesitant to perform this procedure. The question that concerns the minds of the applicants is whether there is a way to prevent or reduce the complications caused by breast implants? Our answer to this question is positive. As we said, the optimal performance in choosing the clinic and the surgeon, in addition to improving the quality of the operation, is effective in reducing side effects. The most important measures to prevent breast prosthesis complications are: Choosing an experienced surgeon The most important step in any surgery is choosing a skilled and experienced doctor. The doctor must have enough experience in breast implant surgery. Statistical studies show that choosing a skilled doctor plays an effective role in reducing side effects after surgery. By choosing the best implant, using sterile equipment and having sufficient knowledge of the anatomy of the body, an experienced surgeon will have a good performance in implanting a prosthesis. In addition, the experienced doctor provides comprehensive care instructions for applicants and will be by his side until complete recovery. The correct implementation of the care instructions is undoubtedly a supplement to the surgeon’s skill. The doctor prescribes antibiotics to prevent infection. Timely use of these drugs is effective in speeding up the healing process. In addition, the doctor recommends the use of special breasts to stabilize the shape of the breast and prevent breast deformity. Following a healthy and rich diet, avoiding smoking and alcoholic beverages, avoiding sports activities or heavy work are useful in achieving the desired result and reducing post-operative risks. Changing the dressing regularly can only be expected for an excellent result after breast prosthesis surgery if preventive measures are taken to prevent infection in this area. Timely dressing change and bandage sterility is the main step in breast care after prosthesis. Try to check the stitches while changing and be sensitive to any swelling or discoloration. If the breast tissue in this area is completely healthy and normal, before dressing, apply a little ointment on the breasts and cover the breasts with a sterile bandage. Does breast prosthesis cause breast cancer? Most of the applicants give up breast implants due to the fear of getting this complication. You should know that so far no scientific document has proven an increase in the probability of breast cancer due to prosthetics. What is the main way to reduce complications caused by breast prosthesis? The side effects of breast implants are divided into two categories: normal and abnormal. Natural side effects are present in all cosmetic surgeries and usually disappear after the recovery period. But unusual complications occur due to the surgeon’s inexperience or failure to follow health guidelines. If you perform well at this stage, you will not face any special problem after the operation. Is breast asymmetry normal after prosthetics? Some women are hereditary with the problem of breast asymmetry. If the surgeon chooses the implant regardless of this condition, the asymmetry of the breasts will become more severe. In some cases, after the prosthesis, the breasts will be slightly swollen. In this case, the breasts look unrelated. This condition is completely normal and will be resolved after the recovery period. What is the method of diagnosing breast infection after prosthesis? If you experience symptoms such as breast swelling and foul-smelling discharge from the suture site within two to three weeks after the operation, take the possibility of infection seriously. Is it possible to replace the prosthesis after infection? You cannot change the breast prosthesis immediately after the infection. Experts recommend to be patient for about 3 to 6 months and replace the prostheses after all traces of infection are removed.

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