What are the symptoms of indigestion? How can it be treated?

You have probably experienced indigestion at least once. Have you ever felt full and uncomfortable in your upper stomach immediately after starting to eat? These types of symptoms are a sign of this complication. If indigestion has affected your digestive system or if there is a history of this problem in your family, stay with us until the end of this article. In the following, we will explain what is indigestion? What symptoms does it cause? Why do some people have this problem? What complications can this cause? How does the doctor diagnose it? Is there a way to cure it? Despite the family history, how can it be prevented? If you have stomach discomfort or symptoms such as nausea and stomach pain, you should visit a gastroenterologist or internal medicine doctor to diagnose the disease. You can contact the doctor through your doctor’s website. In addition to the face-to-face appointment system, Doktorto also offers online and telephone consultations. What is indigestion? Indigestion is one of the most common digestive diseases that many people experience in their lifetime. This complication can sometimes be a symptom of a disease such as stomach ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux or gall bladder disease. If you frequently feel pain or discomfort in your upper abdomen, you may have indigestion. According to statistics obtained in America, about 25% of people experience this condition every year. This problem can be repeated several times or often cause stomach upset. Some people confuse this condition with heartburn. But they are different and heartburn occurs on the top of the chest. Symptoms of Indigestion When you have indigestion, you may experience any of the following symptoms. Early satiety during eating: you feel full immediately after starting the meal; While you haven’t eaten most of your food and can’t finish it. Feeling of fullness after eating: the feeling of fullness after eating is uncomfortable and lasts longer than usual. Discomfort in the upper abdomen: stomach pain or mild to severe pain that is usually felt from the lower chest to the navel. Burning in the upper part of the abdomen: you feel burning or heat in the lower part of the chest up to the navel. Bloating: You feel tightness or discomfort in the upper abdomen. Nausea: You feel like you want to vomit. Other symptoms include an acidic taste in the mouth and stomach rumbling. Vomiting and belching are less common symptoms. But some people may have such symptoms. If you feel full immediately after starting the meal; While you haven’t eaten most of your food, you probably have indigestion. Discomfort in the upper abdomen and nausea are the main symptoms of indigestion. In case of symptoms of indigestion, which doctor should we see? If you experience symptoms such as nausea, upper abdominal discomfort, early satiety or an uncomfortable feeling of fullness, be sure to see a gastroenterologist and liver specialist or an internal medicine doctor. Especially if your symptoms last more than two weeks or are so severe that you cannot eat easily. You can contact the best gastroenterologists through the website of Dr. In addition to the face-to-face appointment system, Doktorto also offers online and telephone consultations. What is the cause of indigestion or stomach upset? Various causes cause indigestion. Sometimes lifestyle causes this complication and sometimes medicine or a specific disease causes this complication. These reasons are: 1. Incorrect lifestyle, overeating or fast eating, eating fatty or spicy foods, high consumption of caffeine, alcohol, chocolate or carbonated drinks, smoking, anxiety 2. Some digestive diseases or other diseases 3. Taking certain medications, aspirin and pain relievers such as ibuprofen and naproxen, estrogen and oral contraceptives, steroid medications, certain antibiotics, thyroid medications, according to webmd regarding chronic indigestion: Sometimes people have chronic and persistent indigestion that is not related to any of these factors. is not. This type of complication is called functional indigestion or non-ulcerative indigestion. The possibility of indigestion is high in pregnant women. When should we see a doctor? Symptoms of indigestion are usually mild and there is no need to worry. But if discomfort persists for more than two weeks, you should see a gastroenterologist. In case of severe pain accompanied by the following symptoms, it is necessary to see a doctor. Unwanted weight loss or loss of appetite Frequent vomiting or vomiting with blood Black and tar-colored stool Difficulty swallowing food that gets progressively worse Fatigue or weakness that causes anemia. Diagnosing indigestion To diagnose indigestion, the doctor performs a general examination and asks you questions about your medical history and symptoms. If the complication is mild, this assessment is sufficient for diagnosis. But if you experience severe symptoms such as weight loss or frequent vomiting, or if you are over 55 years old, the following tests are done. Blood test: Blood test is done to check anemia and other metabolic disorders. Your doctor may prescribe tests to check your kidney, liver, or thyroid function. Breath test and stool test: These two tests are performed to diagnose Helicobacter pylori. This bacteria is associated with stomach ulcers. Endoscopy: For people with persistent symptoms or old age, an endoscopy is performed to check for abnormalities in the upper gastrointestinal tract and a tissue sample is removed. Imaging tests: X-rays or CT scans should be performed to check for problems such as intestinal obstruction. Treatment of stomach discomfort. The treatment of indigestion depends on its cause. Sometimes lifestyle changes can be effective in treatment. But sometimes it is necessary to prescribe drugs. If the cause of that disease is a specific background, that disease must be treated. In the following, we will explain the home and medicinal treatment of indigestion. If this condition is not treated by lifestyle changes, the doctor prescribes medication. Home treatment for indigestion. Lifestyle changes have a great effect in reducing the symptoms of indigestion. You can improve this complication by following the following tips. Avoiding foods that cause indigestion. (such as fatty and spicy foods) eating five or six small meals a day instead of three large meals reducing or eliminating alcohol and caffeine avoiding pain relievers such as aspirin, naproxen or ibuprofen consulting a doctor to replace medications that cause indigestion . Controlling stress and anxiety Fatty and spicy foods and drinks containing alcohol or caffeine have a great effect on indigestion symptoms and should be reduced. Treatment of indigestion with medicine If indigestion does not improve with lifestyle changes, the doctor prescribes medicines. In the first stage, over-the-counter antacid drugs are prescribed, and in the next stages, the following drugs may be prescribed. Protein pump inhibitors: These drugs reduce stomach acid. If you have heartburn along with indigestion, this option is suitable for treatment. H-2 receptor blockers: These drugs reduce stomach acid. They also help to treat stomach ulcers. Antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs: These drugs reduce stress and relieve pain and discomfort caused by indigestion. Antibiotics: These drugs are prescribed to treat bacterial infections such as Helicobacter pylori. Which doctors can be consulted to treat indigestion? If you have indigestion and its symptoms have not improved with home remedies, you should visit a gastroenterologist and liver specialist or an internist to investigate the cause and treatment measures. You can contact the best doctors through your doctor’s website. In addition to the face-to-face appointment system, Doktorto also offers online and telephone consultations. Complications of indigestion Usually indigestion does not cause serious complications. But if its symptoms are severe, it can make eating difficult and negatively affect the food balance and calorie intake. Sometimes you may have other symptoms besides indigestion that cause complications. For example, if you suffer from gastroesophageal reflux, you will be exposed to the following problems. Esophageal stricture Pyloric stricture Barrett’s esophagus Prevention of indigestion The best way to prevent indigestion is lifestyle changes. Try to make a list of the foods you eat. By doing this, you can quickly identify the foods that cause your indigestion. Other effective measures include: make your meals smaller and eat in several meals so that they are easier to digest. Eat slowly. Avoid foods that are high in acid, such as tomatoes and citrus fruits. Reduce the consumption of caffeinated beverages as much as possible. If you suffer from indigestion due to stress, learn stress management techniques. Quit smoking. Because smoking irritates the inner lining of the stomach. Alcohol irritates the lining of the stomach. You should avoid consuming it. Do not wear tight clothes. These types of clothes put pressure on the stomach and cause the contents of the stomach to enter the esophagus. Do not exercise on a full stomach. Do physical activity at least one hour after eating. Do not lie down after eating. Do not eat at least three hours before going to bed. To prevent indigestion, you should avoid overeating and drinking too much caffeine. Frequently Asked Questions If you have indigestion or symptoms similar to this condition, you have probably encountered some questions in this regard. For this reason, we have raised some of your frequently asked questions and provided their answers. Do children suffer from indigestion? Children can suffer from this condition just like adults. Sometimes overeating or eating harmful foods causes this disease. Sometimes the stress of big events like the first day of school or exams cause stomach ache and nausea. Is nausea a symptom of indigestion? Some people may experience nausea during indigestion. In rare cases, a person vomits. If you have frequent vomiting, you must see a doctor. Does indigestion cause stomach ulcers? Stomach ulcer is one of the main causes of indigestion. Usually, indigestion does not cause serious complications and it resolves after a while. Stomach ulcer and irritation of the inner lining of the stomach cause this complication and affect appetite. What is nervous indigestion? Sometimes anxiety causes indigestion. During stress, hormones are released and enter the digestive system. These hormones disturb the digestion of food and the symptoms of indigestion appear. Are indigestion and shortness of breath related? This complication is not related to shortness of breath. But sometimes a heart attack may have symptoms similar to indigestion. If you have the symptoms of this complication and experience shortness of breath, chest pain, jaw, neck or arm pain and sweating, see a doctor immediately. What is the best pill for indigestion? Antacid pills or protein pump inhibitors are usually prescribed to treat indigestion. These drugs reduce stomach acid and relieve the symptoms of this condition. What is good to eat for indigestion? It is better to increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables in this situation. Whole grains, ginger, yogurt and legumes can be effective in reducing symptoms. Eat these foods in small portions so as not to put pressure on the stomach. Is surgery necessary to treat indigestion? This condition is usually treated with lifestyle changes or medication. But if the cause is persistent acid reflux, laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery may help relieve symptoms. Conclusion and guide to see a doctor. Indigestion is one of the digestive diseases that can be caused by various causes. This disease causes early satiety, an uncomfortable feeling of fullness after eating, pain and burning in the upper abdomen, and nausea. Sometimes wrong lifestyle such as overeating, eating fatty foods, high alcohol and caffeine consumption and constant anxiety cause indigestion. Sometimes, the use of drugs such as ibuprofen, naproxen, estrogen and some antibiotics lead to stomach upset. If indigestion is not resolved with simple treatments, it is probably caused by a specific underlying disease. Some diseases such as stomach ulcer, stomach infection, irritable bowel syndrome, stomach inflammation and intestinal obstruction lead to this complication. To diagnose these diseases, symptoms are checked and various tests are performed such as blood tests, urine tests or imaging tests. To get more information about this disease and its symptoms, you should consult a gastroenterologist or an internist. You can receive advice from a doctor online, over the phone, or in person through your doctor’s website. Your doctor takes care of your health!

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