Nervous muscle spasm is one of the problems that mostly affects adults and the elderly. If you have nerve muscle spasm every now and then and you want to know its cause and treatment, stay with us in this article. Next, we explain what muscle cramps are. How many types does it have and what symptoms does it cause? What is the cause of this complication? Is there a way to cure it? What people have this problem more? If you suffer from this condition continuously, be sure to visit an orthopedic doctor for its treatment. You can contact the best doctors through your doctor’s website. In addition to the face-to-face appointment system, Doktorto also offers online and telephone consultations. What is muscle spasm? Nervous muscle spasm is a neurological phenomenon. In this situation, involuntary and sudden muscle cramps occur. Cramps can occur in one or more muscles. Spasms usually last from a few seconds to 15 minutes. Any muscle in the body may suffer from nerve cramps. But this complication is mostly seen in the thighs, legs, arms and abdomen. Sometimes these contractions are very painful and interfere with daily life. When the nerves controlling the muscles are disturbed, their function becomes abnormal. The more the nervous system is under pressure, the more severe the muscle cramps. In most cases, neuromuscular spasms are not serious. But sometimes it may be caused by a blood circulation problem or an underlying disease such as liver disease. Nervous muscle cramps usually last from a few seconds to 15 minutes. This condition mostly affects the thighs, legs, arms and abdomen. Muscles in different parts of the body such as thighs, legs, neck, and back may experience cramps. Symptoms of muscle spasms can range from mild to severe. Sometimes you may feel a sudden pain and the contraction will disappear quickly. But sometimes, cramping occurs again in the same muscle. You can usually feel the contraction and tightening of the muscle by touching the desired area. If you constantly experience such symptoms, you should definitely visit an orthopedic specialist to investigate the cause and treat neuromuscular spasm. To connect with the best specialists, you can apply through the doctor’s website. In addition to the face-to-face appointment system, Doktorto also offers online and telephone consultations. According to my.clevelandclinic regarding muscle cramp symptoms: Muscle spasms can feel like a stitch in the side or be more painful. You may see tingles under your skin and it may feel firm to the touch. These spasms are involuntary. Muscles contract and need treatment and time to relax. This complication is very common especially in elderly people and athletes. If muscle spasms are severe, occur frequently, respond poorly to treatment, and have no underlying cause, see an orthopedic doctor at your doctor. Spasm can be related to underlying factors. Types of neuromuscular spasms can be classified as follows: Paraphysiological: Most people suffer from this type of muscle cramps. Paraphysiological muscle cramps are not related to any underlying disease. 30% of pregnant women in the last trimester of pregnancy and some athletes suffer from this problem due to dehydration and excessive physical pressure on the muscles. The most common one is calf muscle cramps at night. Symptomatic muscle cramps: Some underlying diseases in different body systems cause this type of cramps. Usually, athletes suffer from paraphysiological muscle cramps, which is caused by dehydration or excessive activity. Causes of muscle spasms Various causes cause muscle spasms. If the doctor cannot find the cause, the cramp is idiopathic. But in other cases, the cause is: Aging: As age increases and the muscle mass decreases, the pressure on the muscles increases. Dehydration: Dehydration, especially in the hot season, and the loss of body fluids during activity causes cramps. Low electrolyte level. : A low level of calcium or potassium in the blood causes cramping. Physical pressure: intense activity or excessive use of muscles during exercise causes this problem. Pregnancy: one of the complications of pregnancy is muscle cramping. In pregnant women, due to the decrease in the level of electrolytes and pressure on the nerves, there is a possibility of nerve muscle spasm. Muscle stiffness: lack of stimulation and stretching causes this problem. Which underlying diseases cause muscle spasms? As we said, in symptomatic cramps, an underlying disease causes this complication. Any of the following diseases may lead to muscle spasms. Diseases in the central and peripheral nervous system: motor neuron disease, Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis (MS), peripheral czaradiculopathy, disorders in the muscular system: some myopathy, diseases in the cardiovascular system: venous diseases, peripheral artery disease (arteriosclerosis), high blood pressure, diseases of the endocrine system: hypofunction and hyperfunction Thyroid, hyperparathyroidism, corticotropin deficiency, muscle cramps are sometimes associated with the following: Liver cirrhosis and other liver diseases, Barter syndrome (kidney defect), Gitelman syndrome (hereditary defect in kidney tubes), Kahn syndrome (adrenal gland disease), Addison’s disease, drugs, black widow spider bite, malignant hyperthermia. Sometimes the cause of muscle spasm may be an underlying disease. Diagnosing nerve muscle cramp, the doctor usually diagnoses it with a simple examination and asking questions about cramp symptoms. He will also ask about your medical records to find out the cause and examine the nature of this complication. Some information helps the doctor a lot in diagnosing the cause of cramping. Including: Do you get muscle cramps after exercise? Is this cramping severe or mild? Do you cramp at rest? Is it accompanied by symptoms such as numbness, pain, or muscle weakness? Do methods such as stretching relieve this cramping? Do you have a family history of neuromuscular spasms? Sometimes it is necessary to perform blood tests, urine tests or imaging tests to diagnose the cause of muscle cramps. You should see an orthopedic specialist to diagnose the cause of muscle spasm. The specialist will examine your symptoms and prescribe the necessary tests. You can contact the best doctors through your doctor’s website. In addition to the face-to-face appointment system, Doktorto also offers online and telephone consultations. Treatment of muscle spasms Muscle spasms usually resolve without drug treatment. The doctor will give you recommendations to do at home. But sometimes it is necessary to prescribe drugs. The best drugs to treat muscle cramps include the following. Naphthydrophoryldiltiazem vitamin B complex home treatment of muscle spasms, usually home treatments do not have long-term effectiveness and muscle spasms cannot be prevented with these methods. But these methods are easy and available. For this reason, it is better to try these home remedies before any medical treatment. If you experience muscle cramps after exercise, be sure to increase your water intake. Stretching reduces the possibility of muscle cramps. Muscle atrophy can be prevented with resistance training. Apply warm or cold compresses on the muscle. Avoid drinking caffeine. To prevent leg cramps at night, you should exercise regularly. Gently massage the muscles that are cramping. If a certain activity has caused nerve muscle spasm, stop that activity. Do stretching exercises before and after exercise. If the muscle spasm lasts more than 10 minutes or does not improve with methods such as exercise, increasing water consumption, and massage, you should definitely see an orthopedic specialist. You can contact the best doctors through your doctor’s website. In addition to the face-to-face appointment system, Doktorto also offers online and telephone consultations. To treat muscle cramps, you should increase water consumption and do stretching exercises. Warm or ice compresses are also effective in reducing contractions. One of the methods of treating muscle spasms is using ice or warm compresses. Exercise for muscle spasm The best exercise to treat this condition is stretching exercises. There are stretches for every area that spasms. 1. Stretching exercises for leg cramps Lie down and stretch your toes towards your head. Stay in this position for a few seconds. You can also use a belt to create tension. Put it under your feet and pull your fingers towards your head. In another movement, you can stand on your toes for a few seconds. 2. Stretching exercises for thigh leg cramps. Squat movements can help relieve spasms in the thigh area. Use a chair for balance. Bend your knees and push your hips back. Stay in this position for a few seconds until you feel the stretch in your thighs and buttocks. 3. Stretching exercises for back muscle cramps Back muscle cramps are also common cases. One of the best exercises to relieve back spasm is walking. Walking relaxes the back muscles. Another way to relieve back spasms is to lie on the bed. Place a small ball, such as a tennis ball, on the affected area. Inhale slowly and then move the ball slightly. 4. Stretching movements for neck stiffness Move your neck back and forth or left and right to create a stretch. Repeat this movement ten times. Cramps and muscle spasms can be treated at home using stretching exercises. Consuming more water and using hot or cold compresses are also effective. Can neuromuscular spasm be prevented? It is difficult to prevent muscle spasms. Risk factors such as age increase the probability of this complication. However, some methods can prevent muscle spasm to some extent. Do exercises to keep your body flexible. Try to stay fit. If you are prone to muscle spasms, do stretching exercises. Increase your water intake and limit caffeine and alcohol intake. Do not exercise in hot weather. Keep your weight in a healthy range. Avoid taking drugs that have muscle spasm as a side effect. Frequently Asked Questions If you are constantly having nervous muscle spasms and you are looking for a way to treat it, you have probably come across some questions in this regard. For this reason, we have raised some of your frequently asked questions and provided their answers. Does nerve pressure cause neuromuscular spasm? Sometimes nerve disorders such as nerve entrapment or spinal cord injury cause pressure on the nerves and cause muscle cramps. Is gentle massage effective in treating muscle spasms? One of the best ways to treat muscle spasm is massage. When the muscle is contracted, gently massage it to relieve the spasm. After the massage, you can use a warm or ice compress. Does obesity play a role in muscle spasms? Excessive obesity can increase the pressure on the musculoskeletal system. In addition, usually obese people have little movement and do not exercise. This immobility plays a prominent role in muscle spasms. Is muscle spasm a complication of pregnancy? One of the complications of pregnancy, especially in the last trimester of pregnancy, is muscle cramps. About 30% of pregnant women suffer from this complication due to changes in blood circulation, pressure on the nerve, or a decrease in the level of electrolytes in the body. How to stop nerve muscle spasm? When the muscle is cramping, try to stretch and massage the muscle. If your leg is cramping, take a short walk to relieve the spasm. Ice or warm compresses are also effective in reducing muscle contraction. There is no injectable or oral medication for this condition. What is the cause of leg cramps? The most common spasm is related to leg muscle cramps. This problem usually occurs at night while sleeping and can interfere with daily activities. The cause of leg pain in many people can be related to muscle spasm. Try stretching your legs and massaging your legs at night before going to bed. Who are more likely to suffer from muscle spasms? Neuromuscular spasms can happen to anyone. It doesn’t matter if you are young or old; Be active or be inactive. In any case, there is a possibility of this complication. Of course, some people, such as athletes, the elderly, pregnant women, and obese people, are more likely to have muscle cramps. Which vitamins help treat muscle spasms? Some doctors believe that daily consumption of vitamin B12 capsules can be effective in treating muscle spasms. For this reason, this vitamin is prescribed in the treatment process. What to eat to treat muscle spasms? Dehydration of the body, especially in active and athletic people, can cause muscle spasms. Be sure to increase fluid intake. But keep in mind that the consumption of caffeinated beverages should be minimized. In general, eating healthy and getting nutrients has a great effect in reducing such problems. Which doctor should we see to diagnose and treat muscle spasms? Nervous muscle cramps are one of the problems that can affect any person of any age and gender. Usually, neuromuscular spasm is not serious and is not a sign of a specific problem. But sometimes an underlying disease may have caused this complication. If muscle cramps last more than 10 minutes or are not treated with home remedies, you should see an orthopedic doctor to determine the cause. For home treatment, you can use stretching exercises, massage, ice or warm compresses, and increase water consumption. Usually, these methods reduce the possibility of muscle spasm. If you are looking for the best orthopedic doctor to treat this problem, you can apply through your doctor’s website. In addition to the face-to-face appointment system, Doktorto also offers online and telephone consultations. Your doctor takes care of your health!
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